About Montserrat


Montserrat, known as the “Emerald Isle of the Caribbean” for its resemblance to coastal Ireland and its Irish connections during slavery, boasts a rich tapestry of history and culture. The island was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493, who named it after the Montserrat monastery in Spain. Its early history was marked by the sugar plantation economy and slavery until the abolition in 1834. The blend of African, Irish, and British influences shaped the island’s unique cultural heritage.

However, Montserrat’s tranquility was shattered in 1995 when the Soufrière Hills Volcano, long dormant, erupted devastatingly. Plymouth, the capital, was buried, leading to two-thirds of the population being forced to leave. The eruption, marking a significant event in Montserrat’s history, transformed its geography and society. Despite this, Montserrat has shown resilience, rebuilding and inviting visitors to explore its natural beauty, including lush mountains, secluded beaches, and the eerie exclusion zone. The island today stands as a testament to the strength and perseverance of its people, offering a blend of breathtaking landscapes and poignant history.



Montserrat operates as a British Overseas Territory, signifying a unique blend of local governance underpinned by ties to the United Kingdom. This status means that while it enjoys a degree of internal self-governance, with its own government handling domestic affairs, defense and foreign policy are the prerogatives of the UK. The island is headed by a Governor appointed by the British monarch, who acts as the representative of the Crown, and a locally elected Premier who leads the government.

In addition to its relationship with the UK, Montserrat is intricately connected to the wider Caribbean region through its membership in the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). These affiliations facilitate cooperation in economic, social, and political spheres, enhancing Montserrat’s integration with neighboring islands. Through the OECS, Montserrat benefits from shared currency, judicial system, and economic policies aimed at fostering regional integration. As a part of CARICOM, it engages in broader Caribbean cooperation, focusing on trade, single market economies, and collective diplomatic efforts. This dual identity enriches Montserrat’s governance structure, blending British influence with regional Caribbean solidarity.

Governing Party

The Movement for Change and Prosperity (MCAP) won the island elections in 2019 and is the current governing party. Elections are constitutionally due every five years.

Learn more about each of the governing ministers in the links below.

Government of Montserrat Ministry Portfolios

National Symbols

  • Official Lady and the Harp – High Resolution
  • Official Flag of Montserrat – High Resolution

Territorial Motto

“A people of excellence, molded by nature, nurtured by God.”

Territorial Song

Lyrics – Motherland | Music – Motherland